Modern Resources


Definitions & Characteristics of Modernity

Modernity & Visualizing the Person

Aspects of Various Periods in the Western Tradition

Internet Modern History Resources (website)

Imperialism-WWI Complete Poems of Rudyard Kipling (website)

Images of Imperialism

Euro-American Colonial Expansion

World War I Key Events

Additional World War I Maps


Chesterton's The Man Who Was Thursday (1908): Heresy, Anarchy, Madness, Egoism

Three Rival Methods of Pursuing Truth

The Man Who Was Thursday & the Problem of Evil


A Biblical Model of Personhood

Introduction to Freud's Theory (website)

The Future of Freud's De/Il-lusions

Utopian Dreams & Pessimistic Distrust in Freud's Hopes for Science


World War II Key Events

Timeline of the Holocaust (weblink)

Jewish Views of the Holocaust

Christian Responses to the Holocaust

Elie Wiesel on Memory, Prayer, Protest, Suffering, and God

Elie Wiesel's Night: Discussion Questions

Elie Wiesel Foundation for Humanity (website)

"Hope, Despair, and Memory" (Elie Wiesel's 1986 Noble Prize Lecture)


The Barmen Declaration

An Overview of the Ethics of Dietrich Bonhoeffer


Life of T.S. Eliot (website)

Eliot on Tradition, Poetry, Faith, and Culture

The Structure of The Four Quartets

Burnt Norton Commentary

East Coker Commentary

The Dry Salvages Commentary

Little Gidding Commentary

Tradition and Eternity in Little Gidding


Introduction to Malraux

André Malraux & The Antagonism of Art

Picasso's Mask: Discussion Questions

Introduction to Picasso with Style Periods


Introduction to Wittgenstein (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)

Historical Background

Wittgenstein's Philosophical Investigations: A Basic Introduction

Assessing the Investigation: Wittgenstein's Silence and Action Before Ethics and God

Commentary on the First 100 Investigations (Lois Shawver)

Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus (hypertext edition)

Lecture on Ethics

Lectures on Philosophy 1932-1935

On Cetainity

Wittgenstein Links (metalinks page)


Kuhn's Structure of Scientific Revolutions: Outline and Study Guide 
(Prof. Frank Pajares, Emory University)

Brief Notes Toward Understanding Kuhn's Importance

Model-Based Reasoning & Thomas Kuhn

Overview & Questions on Thomas Kuhn's 1969 Postscript to The Structure of Scientific Revolutions

Post-Kuhnian Models of the Practice of Science

Lyle Zynda's Lectures on Philosophy of Science

The Scientific Method: An Overview

Interesting Critique and Reevaluation of the Scientific Method (website)

Internet History of Science Sourcebook (weblink)

The Echo Research Center has a number of metalink pages involving the history of science.

Cold War 

Akhmatova, Requiem (Version 1, Version 2)

Sufffering, the Cross, and Remembrance

Virtual Museum of Political Art

Soyinka & Post-Colonialism

The Problem of Cultural Representation

Colonialism and Christianity

Biblical Theology and Post-Colonialism (Optional readings if interested)

Soyinka, Ogun, and Christ in Death and the King's Horseman


Empires of the Middle East (moving graphic)

"My Father's Suitcase" (Nobel Lecture)

"Freedom to Write" (PEN Arthur Miller Freedom to Write Lecture)

"The Anger of the Damned" (Response to 9/11)

Author Website

Windows into Pamuk's Hüzün


"All manner of thing shall be well/ When the tongues of flame are in-folded/ Into the crowned knot of fire/ And the fire and the rose are one." -- T.S. Eliot, Little Gidding