following annotated bibliography is meant to represent an introduction to
scholarly criticism of Tolkien's work. I do not intend for it to be
complete, but I do try to cite most of the major book-length sources
available. I am mostly interested in acquainting students with the best
available sources. I have chosen to categorize works according to what I
will be the first to admit is an unsatisfactory morphology in many ways,
but I am willing to employ it as an entrance point. Once you recognize
that much of the work below can fit into multiple categories, the
categories do provide a place to begin understanding what the volumes have
divided the texts here into three types: 1) scholarly editions or
compendiums of some of Tolkien's work; 2) scholarly reference volumes; and
3) a few works of high quality that study Tolien's creation from the
fields of cartography and of medieval botany respectively.
first scholarly work was a Middle English vocabulary designed to go with
Kenneth Sisam's classic Middle English anthology. The two works have been
reissued in a single volume. Tolkien's word studies are often detailed and
give an window into his understanding of the field. Christopher Tolkien and Carpenter have edited
a volume of J.R.R. Tolkien's letters, which includes a very thorough
index. Expanded editions of Smith of Wooton Major, Farmer
Giles of Ham, and On Fairy-Stories include extra materials related to each that are of
interest to researchers, including maps, previously unpublished essays and
notes by Tolkien, etc. Likewise, Alan Bliss compiled and completed
Tolkien's lecture series on Hengest fragment. The work, though quite
specialist in its concerns, offers some good
insights into Tolkien's view of Anglo-Saxon culture and philology.
Kenneth and J. R. R. Tolkien. A Middle English Reader and Vocabulary.
Christopher Tolkien and Humphrey Carpenter, eds. The
Letters of J.R.R. Tolkien. Houghton Mifflin, 2000.
and Alan Bliss. Finn and Hengest. Firebird, 1998.
and Verlyn Flieger, ed. Smith of Wootton Major. Expanded ed.
and Verlyn Flieger and Douglas A. Anderson, ed. On Fairy-stories.
Expanded ed. HarperCollins, 2008.
Christina Scull, and Wayne Hammond, eds. Farmer Giles of Ham.
(50th Anniversary ed.) Houghton Mifflin, 2000.
recent encyclopedia edited by Drout contains entries by pretty much all
the important scholars working in Tolkien studies and is worth
consultation when you can find it in a library. [We carry this as an
e-book, but it can be a bit hard to navigate.] The volume by Gilliver,
Marshall, and Weiner includes a short biography of Tolkien's time at the
Oxford English Dictionary and a wonderful depository of studies of
important words in Tolkien. The reference work of Hammond and Scull is
nothing short of monumental and is ignored at the Tolkien researcher's
peril. Their study of the paintings and illustrations of Tolkien is an
excellent analysis of an often overlooked area. Their reader's companion
represents the scholarly footnotes that an edition of LOR would require,
while their Chronology and Reader's Guide are full of information and
far surpass any other "guide" in the popular market, though
those wanting a more complete lists of names in The Hobbit, LOR,
and The Silmarillion might well want to consult Robert Foster's
useful compendium. Foster's volume is somewhat out-of-date, but it far
superior to similar volumes by J.E.A. Tyler and David Day, which contain
numerous errors or speculative conjectures. The Chronology should be consulted to fill in
other biographies or, in some case, to correct or call into question their
conclusions. The Reader's Guide not only contains good discussions
of key people and places in Tolkien's life, it also includes learned
synopses of the corpus of Tolkien's published works, as well as
article-length overviews of major thematic issues in Tolkien. Those
interested in the history of textual corrections to the various editions
of Tolkien's works will find Hammond and Anderson's bibliography of this
Drout, Michael, ed. J.R.R.
Tolkien Encyclopedia: Scholarship and Critical Assessment. Routledge,
Robert. The Complete Guide to Middle-earth: Tolkien's World from A to Z.
Peter, Jeremy Marshall, and Edmund Weiner. The Ring of Words: Tolkien
and the Oxford English Dictionary. Oxford: Oxford UP, 2006.
Wayne and Douglas A. Anderson. J.R.R.
Tolkien: A Descriptive Bibliography (Winchester Bibliographies of 20th
Century Writers). Oak Knoll, 1993.
Hammond, Wayne and Christina Scull. J.R.R. Tolkien, Artist and
: HarperCollins, 1995.
The Lord of the Rings: A Reader's Companion. Houghton Mifflin,
The J.R.R. Tolkien Companion and Guide, Volume 1: Chronology.
Houghton Mifflin, 2006.
The J.R.R. Tolkien Companion and Guide: Volume 2: Reader's Guide.
Houghton Mifflin, 2006.
and Hazell probably should not be cited without first ascertaining how the
authors came to their conclusions, but they do represent effective
explorations of Tolkien's imaginative worlds, and they are full of useful
Karen Wynn. The Atlas of Middle-Earth. Rev. ed. Houghton
Dinah. The Plants of Middle-Earth: Botany and Sub-creation. Kent
State UP, 2007.
interested in the study of Tolkien's languages should consult the
journals of the Tolkien
Linguistic Society: Vinyar Tengwar, Parma Eldalamberon,
and Tengwestië. The most important
name working with this topic is Carl Hostetter. It should be noted that
Hostetter dismisses Ruth Noel, David Salo, and Helge Fauskanger as working
with out-dated materials and/or "neo-Elvish" creations that
ignore the historical-style construction of Tolkien's created languages.
studies of Tolkien's sources were in many ways some of the most fecund
approaches to his corpus and have perhaps been the approach that has given
a modicum of academic respectability to the field. The History of
Middle-Earth, Tolkien's son, Christopher's, massive 12-volume study,
includes Tolkien's earlier versions of The Silmarillion, a number of
stories, poems, and historical apparatuses like that in the appendices of The
Return of the King, as well as earlier drafts of LOR. Each volume
contains C. Tolkien's learned commentary. He gives similar treatment in Unfinished
Tales, which functions as a 13th "pre-volume" of sorts in
Tolkien, Christopher. The
History of Middle-earth.
13 vols. HarperCollins, 2002.
The Book of Lost Tales, Part
History of Middle-Earth, Vol. 1. Del Rey, 1992.
Christopher Tolkien. The Book of Lost Tales, Part Two. The History of Middle-Earth, Vol. 2. Del Ray, 1992.
Christopher Tolkien. The Lays of
History of Middle-Earth, Vol. 3.
Del Ray, 1994.
and Christopher Tolkien. The Shaping
of Middle-Earth: The Quenta, the Ambarkanta and the Annals. The
History of Middle-Earth, Vol. 4. Del Ray, 1995.
and Christopher Tolkien. The Lost Road and Other Writings. The History of Middle-Earth, Vol.
Christopher Tolkien. The
Return of the Shadow: The History of The Lord of the Rings, Part One. The History of Middle-Earth, Vol. 6. Houghton
and Christopher Tolkien, Treason of
Isengard: The History of The Lord of the Rings, Part Two.
The History of Middle-Earth, Vol. 7. Houghton
and Christopher Tolkien. The War of
the Ring: The History of The Lord of the Rings, Part Three.
The History of Middle-Earth, Vol. 8. Houghton
and Christopher Tolkien. Sauron
Defeated: The History of The Lord of the Rings, Part Four.
The History of Middle-Earth, Vol. 9. Houghton
and Christopher Tolkien. Morgoth's
Ring: The Later Silmarillion, Part One. The History of Middle-Earth,
Vol. 10. Houghton Mifflin, 1993.
Christopher Tolkien. The War of the Jewels: The Later Silmarillion, Part Two. The
History of Middle-Earth, Vol. 11. Houghton Mifflin, 1994.
and Christopher Tolkien. The Peoples
of Middle-Earth. The History of Middle-Earth, Vol. 12. Houghton
and Christopher Tolkien. Unfinished Tales. Del Rey, 1988.
John D. Rateliff
was chosen by Christopher Tolkien to bring the same level of detail
source study to the original drafts of The Hobbit.
Rateliff, John D. The
History of The Hobbit. Part 1: Mr. Baggins. Houghton Mifflin, 2007.
---. The History
of The Hobbit. Part 2: Return to Bag-End. Houghton Mifflin, 2007.
+ + +
criticism that derives a number of its insights from source studies
include the work of Anderson, Burns, Drout, Flieger, Hooker, Lobdell, and Shippey.
Anderson and Lobdell have explored the late Victorian/ Edwardian
connections the most. Anderson's annotated edition of The Hobbit,
while it also contains scholarly notes and interesting studies of the
novel has been adapted in other countries, also contains a through series
of citations on Tolkien's late 19th and early 20th century influences.
Anderson has also issues a recent anthology of British and American
fantasy, some which influenced Tolkien. Lobdell studies the same area in
more critical detail. Drout's variorium edition of Tolkien's essay The Monsters and the Critics
is fully footnoted. Burns' study
of Celtic and Norse influences in Tolkien is particularly good at teasing
out these lines of thought. Hooker's work often uncovers small,
overlooked linguistic details.
work of Shippey and Flieger represents some of the best scholarly studies
of Tolkien. Shippey's Author of the Century is essentially a
slightly more popular version of his earlier The Road to Middle-Earth,
but it does address some areas the former does not, such as Tolkien's role
as a 20th-century author. The two volumes tend to complement each other
and often overlap. They are especially good at considering questions of
Tolkien's philological values and his medieval training. The same can be
said for the collection of his essays. Flieger's 2001
and 2005 volumes are particularly good at uncovering how the earlier
layers of Tolkien's legendarium shaped his later fiction. Interrupted
Music represents a number of her published essays gathered together,
so keep this in mind when looking at her journal publications. The
Caldecott-Honegger volume includes both source studies and literary
implications. Lee and Solopova have
produced volumes that connect Tolkien's work to his Old English and Norse
sources. Ryan's collection of essays provide a number of jewels and are
particularly good at insight into Tolkien's early education and teaching
Anderson, Douglas A. ed. The
Annotated Hobbit. Rev. ed. London: Harper Collins,
---. Tales Before Tolkien: The Roots of Modern Fantasy.
Del Ray, 2005.
Realms: Celtic and Norse in Tolkien's Middle-Earth.
U of Toronto
Caldecott, Stratford, and Thomas
Honegger. Tolkien's The Lord of the Rings: Sources of Inspiration.
Switzerland: Walking Tree Publishers, 2008.
Michael D. C. Beowulf and the Critics (Medieval & Renaissance
Texts & Studies, Vol. 248). Arizona Center for Medieval and
Renaissance Studies, 2002.
Music: The Making of Tolkien’s Mythology. Kent State Univ. Press,
---. A Question of Time: J. R. R.
Tolkien’s Road to Faerie. Kent State Univ. Press, 2001.
Hooker, Mark T. The Hobbitonian
Anthology: Articles on J.R.R. Tolkien and his Legendarium. Llyfrawr,
---. A Tolkienian Mathomium: A
Collection of Articles on J.R.R. Tolkien and His Legendarium. Llyfrawr,
Lee, Stuart, and Elizabeth Solopova. The
Keys of Middle-Earth: Discovering Medieval Literature through the
Fiction of J.R.R. Tolkien. Houndmills: Palgrave Macmillan ,2006.
Lobdell, Jared. The
Rise of Tolkienian Fantasy. Chicago: Open Court, 2004.
Ryan, J.S. Tolkien's View: Windows
into his World. Switzerland: Walking Tree Publishers, 2009.
Shippey, Tom. J.R.R Tolkien: Author of the Century. Houghton
Road to Middle Earth: Revised and Expanded Edition. Houghton Mifflin,
---. Roots and Branches.
Switzerland: Walking Tree Publishers, 2007.
Solopova, Elizabeth. Languages,
Myths and History: An Introduction to the Linguistic and Literary
Background of J. R. R. Tolkien's Fiction. North Landing Books, 2009.
with Hammond and Scull's Chronology and Reader's Guide, these represent the better
biographical sources. Humphrey Carpenter's volume on Tolkien is the
standard biography, though Garth's volume on the young Tolkien's
experience in and before World War I is phenomenal and should be
consulted. Carpenter's volume on the Inklings and Duriez's on Lewis and
Tolkien offer a number of useful perspectives. Glyer's study offers a new
and fecund model to examine the kinds of influence the Inklings had on
each other and, thereby, challenges some of Carpenter's conclusions. Pearce's mostly covers old
ground, but it does highlight aspects of Tolkien's Catholicism otherwise
downplayed. The remaining biographies on the market (not cited below) tend to
be mostly popularizations for the fan market. For example, Michael White's has been
criticized from many quarters as poorly researched, while Leslie Ellen
Jones's in the Greenwood series is intended for the high school market and
adds nothing to Carpenter's.
J.R.R. Tolkien: A Biography. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1977.
The Inklings: C.S. Lewis, J.R.R. Tolkien, Charles Williams and Their Friends.
Houghton Mifflin, 1979.
Colin. Tolkien and C.S. Lewis: The Gift of Friendship. Paulist
John. Tolkien and the Great War: The
Threshold of Middle-earth.
Glyer, Diana Pavlac. The Company
They Keep: C. S. Lewis and J. R. R. Tolkien as Writers in Community.
Ohio: Kent State University Press, 2008.
Pearce, Joseph. Tolkien: Man and Myth. A Literary Life.
: Ignatius Press, 1998.
certainly almost all of the volumes in the bibliography could be placed
here, I have chosen to restrict this category to works that take a more
typical literary approach, as well as a number of important collections.
books take a Freudian and political reading of Tolkien, while Croft as the
title suggests looks at attitudes toward war in Tolkien. (Croft's book is
profitably read in tandem with Garth's biography and Dickerson's study of
Gandalf's ethics.) Flieger's Splintered Light examines The
Silmarillion from the perspective of the thought of fellow Inkling
Owen Barfield. Fredrick and McBride conduct a feminist reading of the
Inklings, including two chapters on Tolkien. Forest-Hill's study is worth
perusing, as are Simonson and Smith's. Kocher's early study is now
out-of-date on some matters, but is still essential reading for The
Lord of the Rings. Reilly's study is also out-of-date, but still worth perusing in that it places Tolkien
within the neo-Platonism of the other Inklings. Rorabeck covers pretty
ground, but it is worth a glance. Green's decade-old
study of The Hobbit still offers an insightful reading of the novel
as a coming-of-age story. Turner and Kane are both worth studying in
the formation of the edited volume of The Silmarillion.
Chance, Jane. The Lord of the Rings: The
Mythology of Power. NY : Twayne, 1992.
Tolkien's Art: A Mythology for
. UP of
Croft, Jane Brennan.
and the Works of J.R.R. Tolkien. Praeger, 2004
Verlyn. Splintered Light: Logos and Language in Tolkien’s World.
Place of Publication: Kent State Univ. Press, 2002.
Forest-Hill, Lynn. The Mirror
Crack'd: Fear and Horror in JRR Tolkien's Major Works. Cambridge:
Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2008.
Candice and Sam McBride. Women
Among the Inklings: Gender, C. S. Lewis, J.R.R. Tolkien, and Charles
William H. The Hobbit: A Journey
into Maturity (Twayne’s Masterwork Studies
149). NY: Twayne,
Honegger, Thomas. Roots and Branch. 2nd ed.
Switzerland: Walking Tree Publishers, 2006.
Kane, Douglas Charles. Arda
Reconstructed: The Creation of the Published Silmarillion. Cranbury:
Lehigh University Press, 2009.
Paul. Master of Middle-Earth: The Fiction of J. R. R. Tolkien. DelRey,
R.J. Romantic Religion: A Study of Barfield, Lewis, Williams, and
Tolkien. Athens: U of Georgia P, 1971.
Rorabeck, Robert. Tolkien's Heroic
Quest. Kent: Crescent Moon Publishing, 2008.
Segura, Edurado, and Thomas Honegger. Myth
& Magic: Art according to the Inklings. Switzerland: Walking Tree
Simonson, Martin. The Lord of the
Rings & the Western Narrative Tradtion. Switzerland: Walking Tree
Smith, Ross. Inside Language.
Switzerland: Walking Tree Publishers, 2007.
Sturch, Richard. Four Christian
Fantasists. 2nd ed. Switzerland: Walking Tree Publishers, 2007.
Turner, Allan. The Silmarillion: 30
Years On. Switzerland: Walking Tree Publishers, 2007.
+ + +
Due to length, I am
not including the full list of articles for these edited collections. Many
times the title should clue you into the range of topics therein. The earlier volume
edited by Chance focuses on Medieval readings and influences. (It is
available as an e-book.) Chance's later volume draws from a number of
differing approaches. The Flieger-Hostetter volume offers particularly
good studies of the The History of Middle Earth as itself a
literary work. The Lobdell volume is a reissue of a volume of
early critical responses to Tolkien, while the newest Isaacs-Zimbardo
represents a compendium of older and newer approaches. Their early volumes
do the same for the 1960's and 1970's respectively. The Pearce,
Battarbeem and Reynolds-GoodKnight collections represent a more varied set
of responses, some more personal or creative than academic, but they each
are worth perusing. The Croft volume is mixed in quality but nonetheless
suggestive of the possibilities. The Hammond-Scull volume is particularly
high in quality, and the Clark-Timmons volume is also quite good in
general. The Hiley-Weinreich volume, on Tolkien's shorter fiction is
mixed, but obviously on topics not written about
enough. The Honegger-Weinreich volumes on Tolkien and modernity are uneven
in their offerings, but worth reviewing. (I have mostly neglected to
include collections of the conference proceedings associated with the Tolkien
Society since these are more difficult to obtain, but they can be
ordered through inter-library loan.)
Battarbee, Keith J., ed. Scholarship
and Fantasy: Proceedings of the Tolkien Phenomenon, May 1992, Turku,
Finland. Anglicana Turkuensia 12, Turku: University of Turku, 1993.
Chance, Jane, ed. Tolkien
the Medievalist. Routledge,
Tolkien and the Invention of Myth: A Reader. UP of
Clark, George and Daniel Timmons, eds. J.R.R. Tolkien and His Literary Resonances: Views of Middle-earth .
Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 2000.
Croft, Janet Brennan, ed. Tolkien
and Shakespeare: Essays on Shared Themes and Language. McFarland, 2007.
Verlyn and Carl F. Hostetter, eds. Tolkien's
Legendarium: Essays on The History of Middle-earth.
Hammond, Wayne G., and Christina Scull,
eds. The Lord of the Rings 1954-2004: Scholarship in Honor of Richard
E. Blackwelder. Milwaukee: Marquette University Press, 2006.
Hart, Trevor, and Ivan Khovacs, eds. Tree
of Tales: Tolkien, Literature and Theology.
Waco: Baylor University Press,
Hiley, Margaret, and Frank Weinreich
eds. Tolkien's Shorter Works. Switzerland: Walking Tree Publishers,
Honegger, Thomas, ed. Reconsidering
Tolkien. Switzerland: Walking Tree Publishers, 2005.
Honegger, Thomas, and Frank Weinreich,
eds. Tolkien & Modernity 1. Switzerland: Walking Tree
---, eds. Tolkien & Modernity 2.
Switzerland: Walking Tree Publishers, 2006.
Isaacs, Neil D. and Rose A Zimbardo., eds. Understanding The
Lord of the Rings: The Best of Tolkien Criticism. Houghton
eds. Tolkien, New Critical Perspectives. U of Kentucky P, 1981.
___, eds. Tolkien and
the Critics. Notre Dame: U of Notre Dame P, 1969.
Lobdell, Jared, ed. A
Tolkien Compass. Chicago: Open Court, 2003.
Pearce, Joseph, ed. Tolkien: A Celebration: Collected Writings on a Literary
Legacy. London: Fount, 1999.
Reynolds, Patricia A. and Glen GoodKnight, ed. Proceedings of the J. R. R.
Tolkien Centenary Conference 1992. Mythopoetic Press, 1995.
and Ethical Criticism
separating out these volumes I intend neither to depreciate their worth
nor condemn them to a critical ghetto. Instead, I want to call attention
to their particular approaches and separate them out from other works of
what might be termed either a "theological appreciation" of
Tolkien or a missiological appropriation of him. The beginning researcher
in Tolkien should take the time to distinguish works of popular fandom
from academic studies. This isn't necessarily to discount the former for
what they are, but it is to remind one that academic works observe certain
standards of research, documentation, and familiarity with the academic
conversation. This is certainly the case with works that purport to
explore either Tolkien's religion or to read him from a theologically
informed position. However, most of the works listed here are intended to
be both scholarly and to be read by a more general audience, so there is
bound to be some overlap.
volume contains good chapters on Tolkien's Catholicism and how it shaped
his political vision; otherwise, what he has to say will be found other
places. Caldecott's does much the same, as does a large section of
Pearce's Literary Giants. (Caldecott's volume has also been marketed
under the title The Secret Fire.) Both of Dickerson's studies take ethical readings of Tolkien by
contextualizing Tolkien within larger literary questions, to which the
titles are pretty self-explanatory. Originally published as
and Always: Tolkien's World of the
Rings in 1982, Lobdell's
work has been updated, so consult the 2004 version. It is best at drawing
out the religious vision behind Tolkien's love of languages and faerie.
Milbank's study looks at how Tolkien, as well as
Chesterton's, prose incarnates a particular sacramental understanding of
the real world, though I think she is more thorough in regards to
Chesterton. Purtrill's 1984 study has also been reissued and does a good job looking
at definitions of myth as a way to study Tolkien, while Wood's book offers
a readable and enjoyable study of motifs of grace in Tolkien. Rutledge's
volume has a number of good insights and is written as as a running
commentary on LOR, but this has its drawbacks, not the least of which is a
good index. Whittingham is a strong study of various theological themes in
Tolkien's mythology, including creation, angelic beings, death and
immortality, and eschatology.
R. R. Tolkien's Sanctifying Myth: Understanding Middle-Earth.
ISI Books, 2003.
Power of the Ring: The Spiritual Vision Behind the Lord of the Rings.
Matthew T. and Jonathan Evans. Ents,
Elves, And Eriador: The Environmental Vision of J. R. R. Tolkien.
Univ. Press of
Gandalf: Epic Battles and Moral Victory in The Lord of the Rings.
Garbowski, Christopher. Recovery
and Transcendence for the Contemporary Mythmaker: The Spiritual Dimension
in the Works of J. R. R. Tolkien. Switzerland: Walking Tree P, 2004.
Lobdell, Jared. The
World of the Rings: Language, Religion, and Adventure in Tolkien. Chicago: Open
Alison. Chesterton and Tolkien as Theologians: The Fantasy of the Real.
London: T and T Clark, 2009.
Return of Christian Humanism: Chesterton, Eliot, Tolkien, and the Romance
of History. U of Missouri P, 2007.
Pearce, Joseph. Literary
Giants, Literary Catholics. San francisco: Ignatius Press, 2005.
Purtill, Richard L. J. R. R. Tolkien: Myth, Morality, and Religion.
: Harper and Row, 2003.
Rutledge, Fleming. The Battle
for Middle-Earth: Tolkien's Divine Design in "The Lord of the
Rings". Eerdmans, 2004.
Elizabeth A. The Evolution of Tolkien's Mythology: A Study of the
History of Middle-earth. London: McFarland, 2007.
Williams, Donald T. Mere Humanity:
G. K. Chesterton, C. S. Lewis, and J. R. R. Tolkien on the Human Condition.
Nashville: B&H Publishing Group, 2006.
Ralph C. The Gospel According to
Tolkien: Visions of the Kingdom in Middle-Earth. Westminster
John Knox, 2003.
in Cultural Perspective
volumes represent a number of differing approaches to Tolkien's works,
most of which are more interested in the implications of his work, than in
strictly interpreting him. Nonetheless, each volume has potential insights
for the willing reader. Bassham and Bronson's volume is a grab bag of
essays looking at the philosophical implications. Topics include power and
the ring, happiness, good and evil, time and mortality, and endings and
hope. Kreeft's volume, on the other hand, is more a study of the classic
philosophical categories through the lenses of Tolkien. Kreeft uses
C. S. Lewis as a kind of commentator on Tolkien, often without
defense of Tolkien against the attacks of his detractors is also a defense
of a neo-pagan reading of Tolkien, while the volume edited by West sees
Tolkien as representative of neo-conservative and Christian values. It
mostly covers similar ground on Tolkien's Catholicism, ethics, and general
worldview, but I include it here because of the way it has been grouped. Smith's little book almost qualifies as the "theological
appreciation" that I mentioned above, but it does have a few
important insights into Tolkien and virtue ethics. Petty's volume, in
similar fashion, evaluates Tolkien within the categories of Joseph
second edition examines Tolkien as a socio-cultural phenomena and includes
new chapters on the first two of the Peter Jackson films, while the
Chance-Siewers volume examines the contemporary popular medievalism to
which Tolkien helped give rise. Fimi and Lam-Oryshchuk both examine a number of
cultural studies topics: Fimi focusing on issues in Tolkien's context,
while Lam and Oryshchuk focus on our own.
Buchs and Honegger's volume include studies of Tolkien and gaming.
Honegger and Hooker's volumes on Tolkien
in translation will be of interest to some. Finally, Lyons' work is part
autobiography, part travel guide, part exploration of geographical
influences on Tolkien, though it is as much a meditation on why a study of
geographical influences is bound to be suggestive at best.
have chosen at this point to not include works on Peter Jackson's films,
though there are now scholarly film studies, such as Kristen Thompson's and
the collections edited by Janet Croft and by Ernest
Mathijs and Murray Pomerance.
Bassham, Gregory and Eric Bronson, ed. The Lord
of the Rings and Philosophy: One Book to Rule Them All. Chicago: Open
Buchs, Peter, and Thomas Honegger,
from the Shire & Beyond. 2nd ed. Switzerland: Walking Tree
Chance, Jane and Alfred Siewers, eds. Tolkien's
Modern Middle Ages (The New Middle Ages). Palgrave, 2005.
Curry, Patrick. Defending
Middle-earth: Tolkien, Myth, and Modernity.
St. Martin's, 1997.
Fimi, Dimitra. Tolkien, Race and
Cultural History: From Fairies to Hobbits . Houndmills: Palgrave
Honegger, Thomas. Tolkien in
Translation. Switzerland: Walking Tree Publishers, 2003.
---. Translating Tolkien.
Switzerland: Walking Tree Publishers, 2004.
Hooker, Mark T. Tolkien through
Russian Eyes. Switzerland: Walking Tree Publishers, 2003.
The Philosophy of Tolkien: The
Worldview Behind The Lord of the Rings.
Francisco: Ignatius Press, 2005.
Lam, Adam, and Nataliya Oryshchuk. How
We Became Middle-earth. Switzerland: Walking Tree Publishers, 2007.
Lyons, Matthew. There and Back Again:
In the Footsteps of J.R.R. Tolkien's England. Cadogan Guides, 2004.
Petty, Anne C. Tolkien
in the Land of Heroes: Discovering the Human Spirit. Cold Spring
Rosebury, Brian. Tolkien: A Critical Assessment. 2nd
: Macmillan, 2004.
Smith, Mark Eddy. Tolkien's
Ordinary Virtues : Exploring the Spiritual Themes of the Lord of the Rings.
West, John G, ed. Celebrating
Middle-Earth: The Lord of the Rings As a Defense of Western Civilization.