Chapter I: The Mediterranean trip and Newman's
recovery from illness with a sense of calling
Chapter II: The Furor over Tract 90
Chapter III: The Jerusalem Bishopric
Chapter IV: Section 1: Move to Littlemore;
Section 2: Newman's reception into the Roman Catholic Church and leaving
Oxford for good
Chapter V: His dedication to the priests at
Birmingham Oratory and prayer for unity.
Question: Why do you think Newman organizes
the focus of his chronological sequence in the way that he does? Why end
each chapter with these moments or images?
Robert A. Colby has argued that Apologia has
a heroic poetic structure which moves through several stages:
- end of suffering
The five chapters take us through this pattern in
Chapter I: Newman's formative beliefs and opinions
Chapter II: With the Oxford Movement, he enters on
the project of a Second Reformation, but when he reexamines the 39
Articles, he discovers the fault line in his position.
Chapter III: He traces the "revolution in his
mind" as he comes to suspect that Anglicanism is a heresy.
Chapter IV: He traces his faltering and rallying
mind as he finally breaks with his beloved church and turns to Rome.
Chapter V: Peace and contentment allows him to
defend his settled position.
Question: What is Newman trying to achieve in
our view of his ethos by showing us his move from early development
into confidence through discovery and suffering to eventual tranquility?
What kind of person do we see him as? What kind of story is his
Colby also analyzes the Apologia as a an
expression of Newman's epistemological ideas. Newman's is rational to hold
what he holds because he achieves "an assemblage of concurring and
converging probabilities." Thus, the chapters can be seen as
positions toward the Roman Catholic claims:
Chapter I: Denunciation and rejection of RCC
Chapter II: Toleration and neutrality toward RCC
Chapter III: Conjecture and surmising that RCC
might be correct
Chapter IV.1: Self-examination: Loss of Anglican
Chapter IV.2: Retreat and convergence of
probabilities to conversion
Chapter V: Certitude & rational and ethical
defense of conversion
Question: Is Newman seeking to convert us to
his position? How would his organization suggest an answer to this